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Legal Representation

Your family member may want to retain a private attorney or use the Public Defender’s Office. A public defender will be assigned at arraignment if your relative does not have or cannot afford a private attorney. Do not be afraid to use a public defender. Public defenders often have knowledge of the system as it pertains to those who need mental health services.

If your family member decides to retain a private attorney, be sure to select one that is well versed in helping people with mental illness and understands how to access the treatment facilities and mental health services that are available.


Important Considerations

Think carefully about posting bail for your family member. No one wants a loved one to remain incarcerated for any length of time. It is an unpleasant experience for them as well as the family. However, you must ask yourself the following question. Will your family member be able to comply with the terms of the bail and appear in court when required? Also, as hard as it may seem, jail may be a safer place for a person with severe mental illness who is in crisis rather than having your loved one wander the streets with no help at all. At least in jail they will be fed, will have shelter, and be given access to medication treatments.

Call the Public Defender’s office at the court where the case is being heard and ask for the name and phone number of the attorney who will be handling the case. It is more likely the attorney will be at his or her desk in the morning between 8:00 – 8:30 a.m. before court begins or later in the afternoon after 3:30 p.m.

If you do not reach the attorney, be sure to leave a message requesting a return call with your name, phone number, your family member’s name and, if possible, the case number and court date. Due to the attorney-client confidentiality requirement, there will be information the attorney may not be able to share with you. Remember, it is your family member, not you, who is the attorney’s client.

Inform the attorney of your family member’s condition and any information that
may be beneficial to the case. Provide the attorney with an extensive medical/psychiatric/social/educational history of your family member in writing. Include hospitalization, diagnosis information, medication treatment, and the contact information of those doctors/clinicians and of facilities that have treated your family member in the past.

This information will be very useful in pursuing the best outcome for your loved one. Attorneys are extremely busy and many will appreciate written or faxed correspondence.

Supporting and coping with a loved one who suffers from a brain disorder can be extremely challenging and stressful. Knowledge, as well as your love and fortitude, will be essential in helping you to become a strong and effective support system for your family member.

This informational guide was written by NAMI volunteers based on their own personal experience to help families navigate the system. We are not attorneys, and this is not intended to be a substitute for professional legal advice. Please assist your family member in obtaining proper legal representation.


Legal Aid

19 Fair Street
Carmel, NY 10512

845-225-8466

Email: legalpcaid@aol.com
Provides free legal services on criminal matters and certain family court issues.
Payment Terms: Free
Eligibility: Indigent public assistance recipient or limited income and by application only.


Mental Hygiene Legal Service

1 Civic Center Plaza # 304
Poughkeepsie, NY 12601

(845) 454-9460

Established by the New York State Legislature, it has the responsibility of protecting the rights of patients in psychiatric programs and developmental centers. This telephone number is prominently posted on the hospital unit and given to each patient at the time of admission


Legal Services of the Hudson Valley

4 Cromwell Place
White Plains, NY 10601

914-949-1305 ext 135

Email: mferone@lshv.org
Advice, legal representation for low income persons in civil matters, including welfare/benefits, housing, disability, elder law, domestic violence, AIDS law.
Payment Terms: Free
Special Programs: Spanish speaking


New York State Justice Center

To report suspected abuse or neglect: 1-855-373-2122
Questions for the Justice Center? 1-800-624-4143